Site for assistance in the examination

Utina A.U, 

Irkutsk

Иркутский

Алинаутка@mail.ru

ayur.marx@bk.ru

2018

About forensics

About our team of experts

Our team of specialists consists of 13 students of the All-Union Institute of Internal Affairs of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation, but directly worked at this site: cadets of the 2nd course of the FPS and GP of the educational group GE-17-1, Utin Alina Alekseeva and Markhasaev Ayur Lubsanovich. We hope that the site can help you.

Welcome to our site

Если вам нужна помощь, вы пришли в нужное место.

Inspection of cold weapons is carried out in order to establish the object’s belonging to cold weapons, determining its belonging to a certain type, type, method of manufacture. This type of examination is carried out in almost all state and non-state expert institutions and private experts.

The main diagnostic issues are as follows.

1. Is it a cold weapon?

2. What type, type and model of a cold weapon is this item?

3. How is this cold weapon made: Factory, handicraft or improvised?

4. Is this item an empty weapon?

5. What materials, tools, equipment, devices used in the manufacture of these cold weapons? This cold weapon is redone from other cold weapons or from other (what) items?

6. Is it a melee weapon in good condition, and if not, can it be restored in good condition?

Another group of questions is identification.

1. Were these tools and mechanisms used in the manufacture of these weapons?

2. Was this weapon worn in this case or sheath?

3. Is a fragment, a detail not a part of this cold weapon?

The questions of the second group are not specific only to melee weapons and can be solved in the framework of a mechanoscopic study.

The objects of this kind of expertise can be: piercing (dirki, swords, stilettos, bayonets); piercing and cutting (Finnish, hunting knives, daggers); cut and cut (sabers, scimites, spiers, large daggers), impact-crushing weapons (brass knuckles, pocket brushes, hunting whips, nunchacks), as well as unfinished production of cold weapons, tools and mechanisms.

The most common question is whether the item is related to cold weapons, since the fact of its manufacture, sale and wearing is sometimes punishable in accordance with criminal or administrative legislation.

Markhasaev A.L.

Our contacts

Forensic examination of cold weapons is assigned in criminal cases under almost the same articles of the Criminal Code as the forensic ballistic examination of firearms and ammunition. The subject of forensic examination of cold weapons is the establishment of evidence that is relevant to the criminal case, determined by the expert in solving problems related to the study of objects related to cold weapons and special means, and their use for causing damage to humans or animals. As objects of forensic examination of cold weapons, as shown by the judicial-investigative and expert practice, are not only objects attributed to cold weapons and special means, but also a wide range of objects of household and cultural purposes, often considered cold weapons.

The following questions are posed to resolve forensic examination:

- whether the object is a cold weapon;

- if so, to what type and constructive type it belongs;

- in what way (factory, artisanal, self-made) the presented object is made.

Forensic examination of cold weapons is assigned in criminal cases under almost the same articles of the Criminal Code as the forensic ballistic examination of firearms and ammunition. The subject of forensic examination of cold weapons is the establishment of evidence that is relevant to the criminal case, determined by the expert in solving problems related to the study of objects related to cold weapons and special means, and their use for causing damage to humans or animals. As objects of forensic examination of cold weapons, as shown by the judicial-investigative and expert practice, are not only objects attributed to cold weapons and special means, but also a wide range of objects of household and cultural purposes, often considered cold weapons.

The following questions are posed to resolve forensic examination:

- whether the object is a cold weapon;

- if so, to what type and constructive type it belongs;

- in what way (factory, artisanal, self-made) the presented object is made.

The method of forensic examination of cold weapons in accordance with modern concepts can be divided into two parts.

1. The methodology for expert resolution of the issue of the subject to cold weapons has been approved by the Federal Interdepartmental Coordination and Methodological Council on Expert Research Problems and is recommended for use in expert institutions of the Russian Federation (Minutes No. 5 of 11.19.1998), but practically only works objects that have passed certification tests. It consists of a series of stages:

1) familiarization with the text of the documents on the appointment of the examination, clarification of the questions raised, determination of the possibility of solving them on the basis of the special knowledge of this expert, obtaining (if necessary) additional materials;

2) inspection of the object, photographing its design, marking marks and marks, traces of machining parts with tools and on the process equipment, resulting from the manufacture, alteration or repair of the object;

3) measurement of the object as a whole and its details, including weighing when necessary;

4) the establishment of a method of manufacturing an object (based on the results of the actions outlined above);

5) assessment of the external structure, structure, selection of the complex of "necessary structural elements", a detailed description of the object of study;

6) comparison of the object under study with sample analogues and the establishment of group membership. If the expert comes to the conclusion about the household purpose of the object, the study at this stage is completed, the conclusions are formulated and the conclusion is drawn up

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